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رباط زرد

Ligamentam flavum : Is a short but thick ligament that connects the laminae of adjacent vertebrae from C2 to S1 :رباط زرد رباط کوتاه ولی ضخیمی […]
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رباط پس گردنی

Nuchal ligament : Is a ligament at the back of the neck that is continuous with the supraspinous ligament :رباط پس گردنی یک رباط در پشت […]
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زائده ادونتوئید

Odontoid process : \Is a upwards extension from the body of the Axis :زائده ادونتوئید گسترش فوقانی از تنه مهره آکسیس است
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رویه های مفصلی فوقانی و تحتانی

Superior and inferior articular facets : Each vertebra has two sets of facet joints. One pair faces upward (superior articular facet) and one downward (inferior articular […]
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مهره اکسیس

Axis : Is the second cervical vertebra, commonly called C2. The most distinctive characteristic of this bone is the strong odontoid process known as the dens, […]
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مهره اطلس

Atlas : Is the first cervical vertebra, commonly called C1. It differs from the other cervical vertebrae in that it has no body or spinous process. […]